List of Accredited Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Programs
University of Alberta
The fellow will perform supervised care for kidney transplant and kidney-pancreas transplant recipient patients, inpatient and outpatient, at the University of Alberta Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. In addition, the fellow will rotate on services of transplant infectious diseases, radiology, tissue typing laboratory, renal pathology and observation of organ retrieval and transplant surgery. There will be opportunity to participate in either bench or clinical research during the fellowship program. There are multiple formal educational rounds offered related to transplantation that the fellow will participate in.
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Comprehensive and excellent clinical training in a program with over 250 kidney/pancreas transplants per year in the pre, peri and post transplant period with faculty who are dedicated and passionate about transplant medicine and surgery. Exposure to multi-disciplinary care of the kidney/pancreas transplant recipient in the short, intermediate and long term in over 5,500 recipients actively followed at UAB. Achieving expertise in performing and interpreting renal allograft biopsies, role of histocompatibility lab and its applications, work up of renal failure in non renal solid organ transplantation. Collegial, collaborative environment with opportunities for clinical and basic science research and other scholarly activities.
Program is on an academic year calendar and applications are accepted January through August of current year for next year's fellowship program. Interviews are conducted July through September of year prior to fellowship start. Anticipated selection & offer to be made in Oct./Nov.
Mayo Clinic Arizona
The Renal Transplant Fellowship at Mayo Clinic's campus in Phoenix, Arizona, provides outstanding clinical and research experience in kidney transplantation, as well as the opportunity to develop expertise in pancreas transplantation. The Phoenix campus of Mayo Clinic offers a rigorous academic environment and comprehensive training in all areas of transplant nephrology. Competitive stipend and benefits package includes one paid CME trip and registration during the course of the fellowship, paid presentation trip days, 15 days of paid vacation per year, and an annual meal allowance. Educational goals for the Renal Transplant Fellowship at Mayo Clinic Arizona include: Proficiently managing patients needing kidney and pancreas transplants throughout the continuum of care, from the initial evaluation process through long-term follow-up care Preparing for a successful career in transplant nephrology with an emphasis on kidney or pancreas transplantation Applying innovative, multidisciplinary protocols for living-donor and deceased-donor kidney transplantation with an active paired kidney donation program Achieving eligibility for United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) certification in kidney and pancreas transplantation Obtaining expanded academic and research experience in organ transplantation
University of British Columbia
This is a one year Clinical Fellowship accredited by the American Society of Transplantation under the direction of Dr. Olwyn Johnston. UBC has an active kidney, kidney/pancreas program performing approximately 300 transplants per year at two sites. The fellowship involves all aspects of pre-, peri-, and post-transplant medical care. It also includes donor evaluation, donor acceptance, patient wait-list management, and all medical aspects of care. The fellowship offers a comprehensive multidisciplinary clinical training including dedicated blocks to transplant infectious disease and transplant immunology laboratory experience.
Qualified applicants must have completed Nephrology training and be eligible for an educational license in British Columbia.
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
The transplant medicine fellowship program at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is designed to provide the trainee with a well-rounded education in clinical kidney transplantation, transplant immunology and in transplant immunology research. At the end of the one-year program the trainee should be able to function independently in all aspects of clinical kidney transplantation and should be familiar with basic transplant research. The fellowship is primarily clinical. The goals of the fellowship in general transplant nephrology are to provide the transplant nephrology fellows with the capability and experience to diagnose and manage all transplant related disorders to understand the physiology of allograft rejection and calcineurin toxicity to develop special expertise in the normal variations in renal function in the transplant patients, and to be familiar with the unique renal lesions associated with chronic rejection and viral infections in the immunocompromised host.
Loma Linda University Medical Center
The kidney transplant program at Loma Linda University offers a very robust clinical fellowship year. Fellows will be exposed to all aspects of kidney transplantation including pre-transplant, post-transplant and living kidney donors. Our program has recently become one of the largest pancreas transplant programs in the state. The fellow will be part of a close and collaborative multidisciplinary organ transplant team.
The Stanford transplant nephrology fellowship program started in 2006. The fellowship program provides training in a well-functioning multidisciplinary transplant team which includes transplant surgery fellows, in an institution with very active solid organ and hematopoietic cell transplant programs, an excellent renal pathology service and an excellent histocompatibility laboratory. The fellowship is primarily a clinical experience, but there is opportunity for engagement in research. Many of our graduates hold positions in academic transplant programs.
University of California Davis Medical Center
The University of California Davis offers a one-year fellowship to qualified board eligible nephrologists. The program is one of the largest kidney transplant programs in the United States with nearly 300 kidney transplants conducted annually. Candidates will acquire vast experience in all aspects of kidney and pancreas transplant including pre-transplant evaluation, re-evaluation of listed patients living donor candidates, kidney biopsies and follow up of post-transplant patients in both in-patient and out-patient setting. We encourage clinical research in areas of fellows’ interest. The experience provided will enable the candidate to serve as a medical director of a kidney and transplant program in accordance with accepted guidelines.
University of California Los Angeles
The UCLA Kidney Transplant program offers a one-year Transplant Nephrology Fellowship. This fellowship has been training fellows for over 20 years. We offer a “hands-on” experience with training in all clinical aspects of kidney and pancreas transplantation. You will have ample opportunity for participation in clinical, translational or lab-based research projects. A second research year may also be available. The transplant fellow will be supported to attend AST conferences. This is an opportunity to live and train in beautiful Los Angeles. Housing stipend is included with the position. Interviews are on a rolling basis. Please do not hesitate to contact us with additional questions.
University of California San Diego
The UC San Diego Health Kidney Transplant Nephrology Fellowship is a one year training program designed for trainees who have completed a standard two-year nephrology fellowship and are Nephrology board eligible. The Transplant Fellowship provides specialty training in kidney transplantation and fulfills UNOS requirements for designation as a Transplant Physician at UNOS accredited transplant programs. The Transplant Fellow is an integral member of the transplant team and receives broad, firsthand experience and training in all aspects of kidney transplantation, from evaluation prior to transplant to management of the recipient with a failing allograft. The fellow also is trained in the evaluation and management of multi-organ transplant recipients. Designated time is spent in pathology, the HLA laboratory and at Lifesharing, the local organ procurement organization. The fellow also receives training in handling of donor offers. The fellowship provides the opportunity for electives and involvement in clinical and basic research. The Transplant Fellow attends national AST sponsored educational programs as well as national transplant and nephrology meetings.
University of California San Francisco
The transplant nephrology training program at UCSF is a one-year clinical fellowship. Fellows will spend a total of 6 months on the inpatient service and 6 months in the outpatient setting. The inpatient service is a combined medical-surgical team and includes new transplant recipients as well as patients admitted for complications related to their transplant. The outpatient experience includes living donor evaluations, post-transplant clinic, recipient evaluation clinic, and a weekly selection conference.
University of Southern California
The mission of the University of Southern California Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Program is to educate Fellows in the comprehensive assessment and management of kidney transplant recipients. The training program at the Keck Medical Center of USC will provide fellows an excellent subspecialty education in this aspect of kidney diseases. The program is organized to provide the Fellow competency in the specialty as established by American Society of Transplantation and United Network of Organ Sharing guidelines.
University of Colorado
The transplant fellowship program at the University of Colorado offers a comprehensive training program covering all aspects of Transplant Nephrology. We are a high-volume transplant center, performing over 250 kidney and kidney/pancreas transplants per year. The transplant fellowship year involves equal time spent in the inpatient and outpatient settings. Transplant nephrology fellows gain experience working closely with transplant nephrology faculty, surgeons, pharmacists, social workers, and nurses to provide exceptional care to our patients. Transplant nephrology fellows can expect to gain experience in pre-transplant donor and recipient evaluation and selection, post-operative immunosuppression management, evaluation and management of graft dysfunction, desensitization, and paired exchange. Our protocol biopsy program offers ample opportunity for fellows to gain biopsy experience. Optional time spent on a transplant infectious disease rotation is available. Dedicated time in our tissue-typing center will help fellows to gain expertise in cross-match techniques and interpretation. Year-round education is provided in the form of patient-specific bedside teaching, scheduled didactic sessions covering, but not limited to, the AST-recommended educational curriculum topics, journal clubs, and monthly transplant pathology conferences.
Yale University School of Medicine
The Section of Nephrology, Section of Transplantation and Immunology and Yale New Haven Transplantation Center offers an intensive year in advanced clinical training in Transplant Nephrology to applicants that have completed an ACGME certified Fellowship in Nephrology. While the Fellowship is structured so that the Fellow will qualify as a UNOS certified Kidney Transplant Program Medical Director, our mission is to provide a scholarly training environment for fellows to become competent transplant nephrologists who will serve as future leaders of transplant programs and contribute academically to the field of kidney and pancreas transplantation. The Fellowship offers a very thorough exposure to inpatient and outpatient management of kidney and pancreas transplantation, both before and after transplantation. Comprised of internationally recognized experts across a wide range of disciplines, the Yale Medical School offers vast research opportunities for fellowship candidates.
District Of Columbia
MedStar Georgetown Transplant Institute
The transplant nephrology fellowship's goal is to provide exposure in all aspects of transplantation. This includes an education focused on immunology/HLA, living donor and recipient evaluation, combined organ transplantation and immediate and long term management of transplant patients at a busy transplant center. There is a dedicated curriculum through the year with time dedicated for research and electives.
Cleveland Clinic Florida
The fellowship program consists of a comprehensive curriculum in pre-kidney transplant evaluations, care of patients’ post-kidney transplant (inpatient and outpatient setting). Our large volume kidney transplant program allows training in living donor evaluations and follow ups, along with skilled development in histocompatibility and immunosuppression management. Our high volume kidney transplant program continues to grow every year and you will be exposed to a variety of patients with not only renal failure but patients with a multitude of medical issues that needs to be sorted through.
Mayo Clinic Florida
Mayo Clinic's campus in Jacksonville, Florida, is a leading center for kidney and pancreas transplantation, performing 226 kidney transplants in 2021. Emphasis is placed on overcoming barriers to transplantation while optimizing patient and allograft survival. The renal transplant fellowship training program is integral to our mission to continue to develop, educate, nurture and inform transplant nephrologists for the future. Active clinical programs in the transplant center include: • Living-donor and deceased-donor kidney transplantation • Pancreas transplantation • HIV positive transplantation • Paired kidney donor program • Hepatitis C NAT positive organs Mayo Clinic's Kidney-Pancreas Transplant Program involves a multidisciplinary team consisting of transplant nephrologists, transplant surgeons, mid-level providers, and other allied health professionals, in addition to general nephrology fellowship trainees. The renal transplant fellow is an integral part of this team. In addition to kidney and pancreas transplantation, the transplant center integrates programs in liver, heart, and lung to specifically facilitate collaboration in clinical, research, and educational pursuits among transplant specialists at Mayo Clinic. Exposure to renal diseases affecting other solid organ transplant recipients provides renal transplant trainees with unparalleled experience. Transplantation at Mayo Clinic Florida is supported by Transplant Critical Care, Transplant Infectious Disease, and Transplant Pathology, as well as HLA lab, Radiology, and Apheresis. In addition to caring for patients in their clinical practices, Mayo Clinic's faculty members are committed to teaching and facilitating the growth of medical knowledge. Many of our faculty members have published and lectured extensively and are highly regarded in their fields. There is a full curriculum of didactic teaching and mentoring for research is readily available. The trainee is given dedicated time during the fellowship to pursue active research interests. In addition, support is provided to attend national and international meetings. The trainees, in accordance with American Society for Transplantation guidelines, spend six months on the inpatient renal/pancreas Transplant Service with responsibility for patients on the primary, as well as the consultation service. Three months of the fellowship is allocated for outpatient clinic, one month is dedicated to research with a subsequent month of Transplant Infectious Disease. The fellow spends two weeks full-time in the HLA lab and two weeks between pathology, renal biopsy training with Radiology and a pheresis. The fellow is expected to attend all didactic lectures and present at monthly morbidity and mortality rounds. The trainee is encouraged to participate actively in selection conference which occurs weekly. Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida, has successfully graduated several renal transplant fellows as American Society Transplantation approved physicians. Our center continues to be recognized by AST as an approved center and offers trainees outstanding exposure to organ transplantation.
Miami Transplant Institute
The UM/JMH Transplant Fellowship Program provides a vast opportunity to nephrology transplant fellows due to the number of transplants done per year: approximately 400 kidney transplants this past year and around 13 simultaneous pancreas/kidney transplants. We also provide numerous procedure opportunities in particular kidney transplant biopsies. In regards to clinical experience in the outpatient setting, we have ongoing follow-up of 1,000 future transplant recipients on the waiting list as well as transplanted patients that are followed by a multidisciplinary team including our transplant nephrology fellow. Consequently there is a vast array of clinical and research opportunity for any nephrology transplant fellow especially as our LRD (living donor) program grows and more highly sensitized patients are being considered for transplantation at our center.
University of Florida
The division offers a 12-month fellowship training program in transplant nephrology accredited by the American Society of Transplantation (AST) Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Training Accreditation Program. In order to participate in the program, individuals must have completed a nephrology fellowship program and be board-eligible or board certified in nephrology. The educational program consists of six months on the inpatient kidney and pancreas transplant service, with the remaining months for more intensive outpatient clinical work, training in the transplant pathology and HLA laboratories, as well as elective rotation in another transplant service, and exposure to local OPO operations. The fellow is expected to participate in one or more scholarly research projects and will also participate in teaching residents and general nephrology fellows. We encourage attendance and presentation of research at national transplant meetings, including the American Society of Transplantation Fellows’ Symposium and the American Transplant Congress. Interested applicants should have completed, or plan to complete nephrology fellowship training and be board eligible or certified in nephrology.
University of South Florida
The Nephrology Transplant Fellowship at the University of South Florida is 12 months in duration. Applicants are required to be a board eligible or board certified Nephrologist. The goal of the transplant fellowship is to provide advanced/standardized transplant training to individuals who wish to lead renal and pancreas transplant programs. The program is accredited by the American Society of Transplant (AST)/American Society of Nephrology (ASN) Adult Renal Accreditation Program Committee. The fellowship is comprised of clinical service, informal teaching, and more formalized conference teaching components. The clinical service time is divided between an inpatient and outpatient experiences. The fellow rotates at the following sites in Tampa, FL: Tampa General Hospital, LifeLink Transplant Immunology Laboratory, and LifeLink Organ Procurement Organization.
The Transplant Renal Medicine Fellowship Program consists of:
• Transplant in-patient rotation: 6 months
• Outpatient transplant clinic: minimum 9 months (post discharge clinic while on inpatient months)
• HLA lab: 1 month
• Solid organ transplant consult: minimum 2 weeks
• Research: 4 months
The fellow will be the lead team member responsible for the inpatient transplant patients admitted to the transplant renal medicine service. They will supervise two mid-level providers and work closely with the first-year nephrology fellow to provide clinical care of the patients on inpatient and outpatient services, and participate/lead the daily multi-disciplinary rounds with Transplant Surgery, Pharmacy and Allied teams while on the inpatient service. The transplant renal medicine fellow will be supervised by the inpatient transplant renal medicine faculty while on inpatient service for six months of the training year. The fellow is expected to see at least 30 new kidney transplant patients for short term and 30 kidney transplant recipients for long term follow-up, as set up in the guidelines by AST. The training is supervised by nine transplant renal medicine faculty at Emory University School of Medicine and Emory Transplant Center. The fellow will have opportunities to participate in research projects with Emory Transplant Center.
University of Iowa
Kidney and kidney pancreas transplant services are provided at the University of Iowa Organ Transplant Center and at the affiliated VA Transplant Center. The University of Iowa transplant program is the only multi-organ transplant program (Kidney, Liver, Pancreas, Heart, Lung) in the State of Iowa. The VA transplant center is one of a handful of VA programs that perform kidney transplants and the only center that performs kidney pancreas transplants. Stable transplant inpatients are cared for on a multidisciplinary transplant unit where Transplant Nephrology has admitting privileges and primary responsibility for patients admitted to the Transplant Nephrology Service. Transplant Nephrology also provides consultative services to Transplant Surgery and Transplant Hepatology as well as patients with kidney and liver transplants who are admitted to all other services including critical care units. The AST accredited transplant nephrology fellowship program admits 1 fellow per year. The Transplant Nephrology fellow will be assigned for 6 months of inpatient transplant service, working with one of the Transplant Nephrology staff . The fellow will also be assigned 6 months outpatient rotations with several staff in the Transplant clinics. During the course of the rotation the fellow will learn the indications and complications of transplantation, the psychological impact of transplantation, and the principles of histocompatibility testing in the selection of donor kidneys. The fellow will also be exposed to the process of assessing suitability for living-related donor transplantation and will acquire an understanding of the modes of action, pharmacology, and complications of immunosuppressive drug regimens. By being involved in the workup and management of graft dysfunction, the fellow will learn to recognize the clinical pathology of acute and chronic rejection, drug toxicity, and recurrent primary disease and will gain experience in the needle biopsy of the transplanted kidney. In addition to the day-to-day management of the organ transplant service inpatients, the fellow will participate in the Outpatient Transplant Clinic and the Transplant Conferences. Elective rotations offered include Transplant Pathology, Tissue Typing Laboratory, Transplant Hepatology, Pediatric Nephrology, or Transplant Infectious Diseases. There are rich educational opportunities for the fellow including didactic lectures, teaching conferences, as well as bedside education that occurs in the supervised practice of transplant medicine. There are also research opportunities with three major areas of investigation relevant to transplant medicine represented within the institution: transplant immunology, complement disorders (including aHUS and C3G) and clinical trials.
The Northwestern Transplant Nephrology Fellowship consists of evaluating and managing kidney transplant candidates and recipients. The pre- and post-transplant management of kidney transplant candidates and the immediate post-operative management are a major focus of training. The fellow attends a required number of deceased donor procedures, kidney donor procedures, and other relevant surgical procedures in order to gain a thorough understanding of surgical issues related to care of kidney transplant recipients and allow UNOS certification.
University of Chicago
The transplant program at University of Chicago is a medium size program that serves a diverse range of patients. As the first transplant nephrology fellowship in Chicago, the program has a long track record of successfully training fellows since 2001. The fellowship provides a breadth of exciting clinical experience within a scholarly and academic framework, individualizing the program to the interests of the fellow and encouraging the trainee to grow and flourish as he/she gains clinical and academic skills.
University of Illinois at Chicago
UIC Transplant Nephrology Fellowship program provides in-depth training in all aspects of kidney transplantation as we offer a comprehensive multidisciplinary clinical training, which includes active participation in the daily inpatient multidisciplinary rounds with our transplant surgeons, weekly renal transplant pathology meetings, and weekly listing meetings along with training with our transplant infectious disease team. We perform 250-300 kidney transplants yearly. Our fellows gain experience in the early management of crossmatch-positive, ABO-incompatible, and morbidly obese kidney transplant recipients. Morbidly obese kidney transplant patients pose both medical and surgical risks and thus are typically referred to UIC given our expertise in these complex cases. Our fellows gain an experience no other center can provide and thus is invaluable.
Additionally, we provide dedicated time for research; both clinical and translational research (if interested). An optional second year of research is offered for qualified applicants who are interested in research related to kidney transplantation.
2 clinical fellows are accepted every year. We accept H1 visas.
Indiana University School of Medicine
The Transplant Nephrology Program at IU School of Medicine is a one-year program accredited by the American Society of Transplantation. IU Health Transplant is a high-volume center and performs approximately 275-290 kidney transplants a year, in addition to 30 pancreas transplants, 150 liver transplants as well as one the few centers in the country with intestinal transplants. There also is a robust Living Donor transplant program in addition to the Kidney Paired Exchange, a dedicated Transplant Infectious Diseases team and extensive exposure to all aspects of kidney and pancreas transplantation. Our program is designed to graduate trainees as highly qualifies, well versed and experienced clinical and academic transplant neprhologists in all aspects of transplant medicine. This includes understanding and applying innovative immunosuppressive regimens, evaluating high risk candidates, as well as the standard full basic curriculum of kidney and pancreas transplantation. The IU Health transplant team comprises of 5 full time transplant nephrologists, multiple skilled transplant surgeons, nurse coordinators, and dedicated transplant ID, and transplant cardiology and transplant hepatology physicians. Our program consistently has ranked in the top #25 centers for volume for kidney transplants and #6 top pancreas transplant centers nationally with excellent 1 and 3 year outcomes. We have a large outreach practice, which the fellow is exposed to in terms of models of care. The fellow remains on site at one hospital - University Hospital. In addition, we offer training in unique aspects of transplantation such HIV+ to positive transplants, HCV+ to Neg transplants, combined liver-kidney transplants, intestinal transplants. There is also plenty of research opportunities - internal and external Database outcome studies, as well as industry and pharma based sponsored trials. Many faculty hold or have held leadership positions in AST ASN as well as UNOS.
University of Kansas Medical Center
The University of Kansas Nephrology Fellowship Program has been training fellows in transplantation since 1986. The formal transplantation nephrology fellowship started in 2019. This one-year fellowship for board-eligible nephrologists interested in pursuing a career in kidney transplantation is accredited by the American Society of Transplantation. The program accommodates up to one trainee per year. Fellows are exposed to many routine kidney and pancreas transplants, as well as to highly complex cases requiring specialized expertise. Daily teaching rounds, inpatient and outpatient service and weekly conferences are an integral part of training offered. Our fellowship is based in a world-class academic medical center, offering state-of-the art education and patient care through our partner, The University of Kansas Health System. The health system’s Center for Transplantation is the region’s largest and most successful program, having completed over 3,200 kidney transplants and over 5,200 solid organ transplants.
Ochsner Medical Center
Ochsner is a tertiary care referral facility with over 1000 physicians, 8 hospitals, and the largest transplant center in the region. In 2020 despite the struggles and uncertainty caused by the pandemic we performed 149 single kidneys 17 simultaneous kidney/pancreas, 11 Combined Liver/Kidney and 3 Combined Heart Kidney transplants. We also have a very active Heart, Bone marrow and Liver alone transplant programs. Currently we have 3 full time Transplant Nephrologists (1 will join in February or March 2022) , 9 Transplant Surgeons, 20 Transplant Coordinators, and 10 advanced practice providers a tissue typing laboratory, and a world class Renal Pathologist. We have all the structure necessary to provide excellent care to our transplant patients and education to our trainees. Ochsner kidney transplant program was ranked # 2 in the nation by Carechex in 2012, and our liver transplant program has been ranked #1 from 2012 to 2016. In 2018 our heart transplant program performed the 1000th heart transplant since his creation in the 1970’s. Two graduates from our ACGME approved Nephrology Fellowship program have joined 2 well recognized Transplant Nephrology Fellowship training programs, which speaks of our commitment to the education of our Nephrology Fellows. We have 3 graduates from our transplant nephrology fellowship that joined academic institutions.
Program welcomes J1 and H2B visas and passing USMLE exam is required.
The Transplant Nephrology fellowship program at Tulane Abdominal Transplant Institute is a one year, comprehensive clinical training program designed to provide the trainee with a well-rounded education in clinical kidney/pancreas transplantation, transplant immunology, and transplant clinical research. With approximately 125 kidney and pancreas transplant per year, the trainee will achieve the required expertise to independently care for transplant patients. The training includes exposure to multi-disciplinary care of kidney and pancreas patients, evaluation of liver disease patients for potential combined liver-kidney transplants, achieve expertise in performing and interpreting renal allograft biopsy, and the role of histocompatibility laboratory at its applications. The trainee will have dedicated time to pursue research and other educational activities.
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
We offer a Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Program certified by the American Society of Transplantation with a comprehensive, stimulating curriculum. The clinical component of our program will be tailored to the specific needs of the transplant fellow and will consist of:
Clinical Component: Six months of inpatient service, following our kidney and pancreas transplant patients as a senior fellow, Weekly Transplant meeting and conference, 4-6 out-patient clinics per week in Transplant Nephrology, You will evaluate pre-and post-transplant patients (Kidney, Pancreas candidates), communicate with their referring nephrologists and present these patients at Kidney Intake meeting, Performing outpatient transplant biopsies, Observation of as many transplants as possible, joining surgeons on local retrievals of organs for both kidney and pancreas, One month spent in transplant pathology/radiology training, One month spent in the histocompatibility lab, Three months will be spent on a guided independent research project.
Didactic Component: Guided independent study, Weekly research conferences in transplant-related subjects by local and invited speakers, Attendance at American Transplant Congress Annual Meeting and the American Society of Transplantation Fellow's conference.
Faculty Leadership: Our Transplant Nephrology Fellowship faculty leadership are Drs. Martha Pavlakis, Amtul Aala, Aditya Pawar and Bhavna Chopra. View our leadership team bios and transplant faculty bios at our website.
Brigham & Women's Hospital
Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) has the oldest transplant program in the country with the first successful kidney transplant performed in 1954. The BWH’s nephrology training is one of the top-rated programs in the country and the transplant nephrology program provides the best opportunities for training transplant nephrologists since 1956. Many of its graduates became leaders and directors of academic transplant programs in the United States and abroad.
This one-year program is accredited by the American Transplant Society and the American Society of Nephrology. Upon completion of their training, the individual will be UNOS certified Transplant Nephrologist.
Massachusetts General Hospital
The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship at Massachusetts General Hospital is American Society of Transplant (AST) approved. It is a 1 year fellowship starting on July 1st and ending on June 30th. Typically, there is one transplant nephrology fellow, one clinical nephrology fellow, one transplant surgical fellow and a fourth-year surgical resident, a third year surgical resident and an intern on the service. The program is integrated between the surgery and the nephrology fellowship programs in order to benefit from the expertise of all its members. The program thrives from a true multidisciplinary effort. Staff coverage and supervision in the transplant unit is provided by both a staff transplant surgeon as well as a staff transplant nephrologist at all times. Transplant rounds are held daily with the transplant surgeon and transplant nephrologists, residents, fellows, and other support staff in attendance. Decisions regarding immunosuppression are made with reference to jointly established policy guidelines and protocols. Infectious disease consultants are present on morning rounds and available at all times. A transplant pharmacist is present at morning rounds. The transplant fellow spends 6 months on the inpatient service and 6 months on the outpatient (clinic) service. There is a weekly transplantation conference, which again brings together members of the different departments working in transplantation-related fields. During these sessions, invited guests both national and international, present different areas in the field of transplantation. The fellow also has the opportunity to present research and clinical reviews at these conferences.
Johns Hopkins University
Our transplant nephrology fellowship program is a one-year program that provides a clinical training in the transplant nephrology field. We accept candidates who completed at least two years general nephrology fellowship training. Our mission is to provide comprehensive training in transplant nephrology to feed the national transplant workforce with physicians well-equipped to provide high quality patient care, promote innovation, advance transplant research, and severe as future leaders in the transplant community.
Henry Ford Health
1. To provide a varied and comprehensive in-patient and out-patient experience using all the patient material in the transplant practice with instruction and teaching at the bedside and in ambulatory practice setting enhanced with a variety of tools to facilitate learning. 2. Fellows/trainees will have multiple opportunities to encounter, learn, and display all of the ACGME-approved core competencies as they relate to the practice of transplant nephrology.
University of Michigan
The Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI is seeking a transplant nephrology fellow for the academic year 2022 – 2023. The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Training Program is a comprehensive clinical and research program in which the trainee will acquire extensive experience in both the outpatient and inpatient setting. Requirements: ABIM-certified in Internal Medicine ABIM-certification eligible in Nephrology Citizenship/Immigration status: Applicant should be an American citizen or Alien Resident (Green Card bearer) J1 and H1B visa status are not acceptable Documentation for Review: Cover letter addressed to Dr. Raviprasenna Parasuraman (Director of the U of M Transplant Nephrology Fellowship) Updated CV Two letters of recommendation Mailing Address: Dr. Raviprasenna Parasuraman Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Program F6689 University Hospital South 2 1500 E Medical Center Dr Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5364 Email: Sharita Bell, Administrative Assistant firstname.lastname@example.org
Mayo Clinic Minnesota
The Renal Transplant Fellowship at Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Minnesota, is a one-year accredited program. It offers fellows exposure to a large number of routine kidney and pancreas transplants, as well as exposure to highly complex cases requiring specialized expertise. These include highly sensitized recipients, patients with glomerulonephritis and high risk of recurrence, and complex living kidney donors. Fellows gain exposure to a large living-donor program and a kidney paired donation program. The program is also known for long-term follow-up that incorporates protocol biopsies. Educational goals for the Renal Transplant Fellowship are to: • Proficiently manage kidney transplant patients throughout the continuum of care, from the initial evaluation process through long-term follow-up care • Prepare for a successful career in nephrology with an emphasis on kidney and/or pancreas transplantation • Apply innovative, multidisciplinary protocols for living and deceased donor kidney transplantation • Achieve eligibility for future United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) certification in kidney and pancreas transplantation • Obtain expanded academic and research experience in the area of organ transplantation.
University of Minnesota
The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship offers strong training in kidney and pancreas transplantation. With our annual transplant rates of nearly 200 kidneys from living and deceased donors and more than 30 pancreas transplant with or without kidneys, trainees will find a rich environment to develop the skills needed to thrive and grow as a transplant clinician in any program they choose after training. We also offer a substantial research exposure with our very own long-standing University of Minnesota database and the SRTR standard analysis file. On our consultative clinical services we work closely with the transplant surgical team and different medical groups who serve as the primary inpatient teams for transplant recipients at various stages of their care. Additionally, we offer a long research block, transplant infectious disease rotation, and an HLA lab block. Our fellows enjoy a light call schedule, which consists of weekend call just once per month and no overnight calls. This one-year fellowship is accredited by the Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Training Accreditation Program and graduates are qualified to head United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) transplant nephrology programs.
The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship at Washington University/Barnes Transplant Center provides multidisciplinary training in all aspects of Transplant Nephrology and Kidney-Pancreas transplantation, since we began training fellows since 2001. Our center performs 300 living and deceased donor kidney transplants per year, performs ABO incompatible and paired kidney exchanges, follows over 3,000 patients for the lifetime of the kidney transplant, and performs 100+ kidney allograft biopsies per year. Our OPO is unique in that it has its own center where fellows are able to observe procurements without leaving the city. There is close collaboration between transplant nephrology and transplant surgery including joint daily teaching rounds and co-management of patients. The Transplant Nephrology team performs necessary nephrology consultation for recipients of other solid organ transplants (liver, heart and lung) and we do combined organ transplants. The transplant fellow will receive excellent inpatient and outpatient clinical training, spending a cumulative 6 blocks in each realm. Fellows will learn about selection of transplant and donor candidates, recommend and manage induction and maintenance immunosuppression, manage the care of transplant patients before and after their transplant, and evaluate and treat a variety of conditions including allograft dysfunction, rejections, and infections. Fellows will have time for reading and research and regularly present their work at conferences. Our long-term follow-up of patients provide ample opportunity for developing questions for research projects. We have weekly transplant didactics and journal clubs geared toward the education of fellows to prepare them for practice. Fellows case conferences and renal grand rounds are additional weekly educational events. Fellows have dedicated protected time in the HLA laboratory with our HLA director, and have dedicated elective time joining rounds and clinics of another non-renal transplant service. Fellows have regular interaction with our nephropathologist when we review biopsy cases during regularly scheduled meetings. By the end of the transplant fellowship, our fellows will be independent physicians, capable of becoming medical director of a kidney transplant program.
Duke University Medical Center
The Duke University Transplant Center and Division of Nephrology are excited to offer a one year fellowship to qualified board eligible nephrologists interested in a career in transplant nephrology. This 12-month program offers a unique multidisciplinary training experience in a thriving kidney transplant program, which performs over 150 kidney transplants annually. As a high volume solid-organ transplant center, trainees are exposed to a diverse patient population that includes recipients of liver, heart, and lung transplants. With joint nephrology-surgery inpatient rounds and an integrated outpatient clinic, trainees participate in patient care beginning with the transplant event, and follow newly transplanted patients from their first visit to the outpatient clinic. This allows trainees to have continuity of care with individual patients throughout their first year of transplant. Trainees will additionally be provided a strong mix of learning opportunities that span the year. These include a structured didactic curriculum, access to a comprehensive on-line lecture series, teaching opportunities in the general nephrology fellowship transplant curriculum, a guided review of seminal articles in transplantation, and a hands-on rotation in the transplant HLA-laboratory. Fellows will attend transplant administrative and clinical conferences to get a complete look at the inner processes of a large academic transplant program. These include participation in the Donor and Recipient Selection Committees, the Quality and Performance Improvement meetings, Program Retreats, and the Morbidity and Mortality conferences. Trainees are encouraged to pursue research or other academic projects throughout their year, and are given access to accomplished faculty with a wide array of interests in nephrology, immunology, and kidney transplantation. Faculty are committed teachers and mentors, dedicated to the career development and long term success of our trainees. The ultimate goal of our transplant nephrology fellowship is to develop both complete physicians, comfortable with all aspects clinical transplantation, as well as capable leaders with the knowledge and ability to direct a multidisciplinary transplant program.
University of North Carolina
The transplant nephrology fellow is involved in the care of kidney and pancreas transplant recipients at all stages of the transplant process. The transplant nephrology fellow attends approximately 50 outpatient transplant clinics per year and rotates on the inpatient service at least 6 months per year. The transplant nephrology fellow is supervised by a transplant nephrology faculty member during all clinics and by a nephrology faculty member during all inpatient rotations. In the clinic the transplant nephrology fellow performs approximately 15 new donor evaluations, 50 to 75 new recipient evaluations, and 300 established kidney and pancreas recipients per year. The transplant nephrology fellow is responsible for directing the evaluation process for all donors and recipients they evaluate, for interpreting their test results, and for attending weekly multidisciplinary selection conference where the fellow provides input regarding listing status decisions. Post-transplant outpatient care is shared by transplant nephrology and transplant surgery for the first perioperative care month before transitioning to primary transplant nephrology care at 1 month post-transplant. The transplant nephrology fellow, under the supervision of a transplant nephrology faculty member maintains primary decision making responsibility for these patients with regard to transplant immunosuppression, evaluation of allograft function, infection prophylaxis, and management of comorbid medical conditions. The transplant nephrology fellow will maintain continuous outpatient follow-up of at least 30 transplant recipients for at least 3 months. Inpatient rotations include 6 months of inpatient responsibility including performance of new consultations and follow-up consultative care for all kidney and pancreas recipients hospitalized at UNC Hospitals. This includes consultative comanagement with the transplant surgery service on all new transplants and consultative care of transplant recipients on other hospital services including the inpatient nephrology service. Duties include co-management with the transplant surgery team of immunosuppression decisions in at least 30 new transplants per year. The transplant nephrology fellow attends daily rounds with the transplant surgery service including a nephrology attending on rounds. The transplant nephrology fellow also rounds with the assigned nephrology attending on all kidney and pancreas transplant patients on services other than transplant surgery. Additionally, recipients of other solid organ transplant (lung, heart, kidney) requiring nephrology consultation are seen by the transplant nephrology fellow. All inpatient kidney and pancreas recipients and recipients of other solid organ transplants with kidney disease are discussed at these rounds. Clinical decisions include adjustment of immunosuppression, evaluation of allograft dysfunction, treatment of rejection or infectious complications, and advice regarding management of medical problems including diabetes mellitus and hypertension. The transplant nephrology fellow directs ESRD care of these patients including dialysis as needed. Transplant biopsy responsibilities are shared with the general nephrology fellows. The transplant nephrology fellow performs a minimum of 10 kidney transplant biopsies during their fellowship. The transplant nephrology fellow rotates in the histocompatibility laboratory at least 2 weeks per year.
Columbia University Medical Center
The CUMC Transplant Nephrology Fellowship provides comprehensive clinical training in all aspects of kidney transplantation and is an active "hands-n" experience. Our program is a high volume, academic program, averaging 200 transplants annually, split approximately evenly between live donor and deceased donor transplants. The Transplant Nephrology Fellow spends 6 months on the inpatient Service and 6 months on the outpatient service, working closely with Transplant Nephrologists and Transplant Surgeons on a daily basis. Electives are scheduled during the out-patient months. We perform Paired Kidney Donation, ABO incompatible transplantation as well as transplantation in the presence of anti-donor antibodies, following desensitization if indicated. We accept high KDPI deceased donor kidneys, as well as those with long cold ischemia times. The Renal Transplant Fellow is a fully active and involved member of the team, working closely with the transplant nephrologists, surgeons and pathologists in all aspects of the patients' care, and has the opportunity to participate in the evaluation process of potential renal transplant recipients as well as potential living kidney donors, in conjunction with and under the supervision of the Transplant Nephrologists. The Fellow participates fully in the weekly selection process for kidney transplant candidates and live kidney donors. On the in-patient service, the Transplant Nephrology Fellow is an integral part of the daily rounds done jointly with the Transplant Nephrology and Transplant Surgery Attendings. He/She will be involved in decisions regarding immunosuppression and in all other decisions regarding the medical management of fresh transplant recipients, and those admitted with complications following transplantation, including the evaluation and management of allograft dysfunction. This will include decisions regarding appropriate tests, and the performance of allograft biopsies when indicated. The Renal Transplant Fellow will confer directly with the Renal Pathologist regarding the interpretation of transplant renal biopsy material. On the out-patient rotation, the Transplant Nephrology Fellow will have his/her own clinic sessions working independently, as well as sessions working closely with the and seeing patients jointly with the Transplant Nephrology Attending. Our Transplant Nephrology Fellows average nearly 100 bedside realtime ultrasound-guided allograft biopsies over the course of the fellowship. The Fellow will also be trained in the management of Pancreas Transplant Recipients, serve as a consultant to other medical and surgical subspecialty services who have admitted renal transplant recipients, and participate in the care of Heart, Liver and Lung Transplant recipients who are experiencing renal dysfunction. In addition, the Transplant Nephrology Fellow participates in the evaluation and post-operative management of combined Heart-Kidney, Liver-Kidney and occasionally Lung--Kidney recipients. The Transplant Nephrolgy Fellow is expected to participate in clinical research activities of Transplant Attendings and submit a first-author abstract to the annual TC Meeting. By the completion of the fellowship, he/she will be fully trained to work in the busiest most academically demanding programs in the US.
Montefiore Medical Center
The Kidney Transplant Center at Montefiore Medical Center – Albert Einstein College of Medicine, initiated in 1967, is one of the oldest continuously operating UNOS approved Kidney Transplant program in the USA. Our transplant nephrology fellowship provides a broad experience in all aspects of kidney transplantation, including inpatient and outpatient kidney-pancreas transplant recipient and
immunosuppressive management, performing transplant kidney biopsies and interpretation of the biopsies, consultation services to nonrenal transplant patients, and participation in clinical and translational research. Montefiore/Einstein’s Kidney-Pancreas Transplant Program performs 180-200 kidney transplants each year including combined kidney and pancreas, liver, heart and lung transplants. Our program currently follows over 1,500 kidney transplant recipients providing comprehensive patient care, education and training experiences, and clinical and translational research opportunities. Candidates must be board certified or board eligible in Nephrology.
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
The one-year nephrology fellowship provides a broad experience in all clinical aspects of kidney and pancreas transplantation on a busy transplant service. During the year, the fellows spend a minimum of six months on the inpatient service where they will be involved in the care of renal transplant recipients per-operatively and post-transplantation. Their inpatient experience is interspersed with outpatient exposure to a large group of transplant patients with acute and chronic problems. In addition, they will be involved in the clinical management of renal related problems in non-renal transplant recipients. Fellows also participate in mentored research, and learn about laboratory methods and interpretation of tissue typing and histocompatibility testing.
New York University Langone Medical Center
The kidney transplantation program at NYU Langone Transplant Institute caters to a diverse population of patients from the New York area and across the nation who have chronic kidney disease (CKD). We perform approximately 175 kidney transplants annually and provide comprehensive transplant services to patients who have CKD and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). These services include evaluation for kidney transplant candidacy, preparation for transplant and follow-up care for those on the waiting list, and acute and ambulatory post-transplant care. Our one-year transplant nephrology fellowship program provides experience and training in all aspects of kidney transplantation. As a fellow, you manage kidney and dual-organ transplant recipients—including liver–kidney, kidney–pancreas, heart–kidney, and lung–kidney—under the supervision of our transplant nephrologists and surgeons, who collaborate to provide outstanding patient care. We accept one candidate each year into the fellowship program. In our program, you receive in-depth training in transplant immunology, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing and cross-match testing, kidney allocation policy, and renal allograft pathology, and become skilled in performing renal allograft biopsies. You also gain experience in the innovative solutions we offer high-risk transplant patients, including ABO-incompatible transplants, HLA-incompatible transplants, and kidney paired donation protocols. This experience helps you build skills and expertise in techniques offered only at a handful of centers across the country. Additionally, you have the opportunity to contribute to and participate in ongoing clinical research at the Transplant Institute. If you choose, you may also participate in translational and basic science research in immunology and transplantation in the context of the broader NYU Grossman School of Medicine community. Eligibility Candidates for this fellowship must have completed or be in the process of completing an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)–accredited nephrology fellowship program. How to Apply The fellowship starts in July. We begin accepting applications in July of the preceding year.
State University of New York at Buffalo
The State University of New York at Buffalo has 1 opening for one year ASN/AST certified Transplant Nephrology Fellowship. The Transplant Center at Erie County Medical Center performs 139 kidney transplants and 8 simultaneous kidney pancreas transplants in 2021. Our goal is to provide and train the next generation of transplant nephrologist. Transplant Faculty include 5 transplant nephrologist, 3 transplant surgeons, 3 renal pathologists, and 2 histocompatibility experts. Candidate must complete 3 years of accredited internal medicine residency program and at least 2 years of accredited nephrology fellowship program. Interested applicants should submit a letter of interest, curriculum vitae, and at least 3 letters of recommendation to email@example.com. The trainee will be expected to perform at the level of Clinical Instructor in Medicine within the Department of Medicine. At the end of training, the trainee will qualify as the primary physician of any kidney-pancreas transplant program in the country. Salary is commensurate with PGY level and UB is an EEO employer.
Weill Cornell Medicine
The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Program at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medicine (NYP-WCM) provides advanced education and training to the future generation of transplant nephrologists. Our kidney transplant program has a long and distinguished history having performed the very first kidney transplant in the New York tri-state region in October 1963. Our Department of Transplantation is comprised of prominent clinicians and scientists committed to training the next generation of physicians. We have an ideal balance of clinical medicine and basic, translational and clinical research. Our faculty consists of 7 transplant nephrologists, 3 kidney transplant surgeons, 2 kidney pathologists, and 6 histocompatibility experts. Our program is unique in that two of our clinical faculty, Drs. Manikkam Suthanthiran and Darshana Dadhania, have expertise in histocompatibility testing and are New York State licensed Directors of Immunogenetics and Transplantation Laboratory. Our faculty are nationally recognized leaders by societies such as American Society of Transplantation, American Society of Nephrology, American Society of Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics, The Transplantation Society, and International Society of Nephrology. We have a highly productive research laboratory with continuous NIH funding for the past three decades. Our Gene Expression Profiling (GEM) Laboratory under the leadership of Dr. Suthanthiran has pioneered the development of noninvasive biomarkers to ascertain kidney status and has functioned as the Molecular Core for multi-center NIH sponsored Clinical Trials in Organ Transplantation. Our faculty has active research projects focused on developing mRNA/miRNA profiles predictive of acute rejection in kidney allografts, allograft fibrosis, diagnosis and prognostication of BK virus nephropathy and studies of alterations in the gut microbiome in kidney allograft recipients. Our graduates of transplant nephrology fellowship are academic faculty at prestigious institutions such as University of Michigan, University of Chicago, University of California at San Francisco and NYP/Weill Cornell Medicine and Hamad Medical Corporation/Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar. In 2021 we performed 105 living donor kidney transplants, 160 deceased donor kidney transplants, 8 pancreas/kidney transplants, 2 pancreas alone transplants, 46 deceased donor liver transplants, and 13 living donor liver transplants.
The Cleveland Clinic department of Nephrology & Hypertension is pleased to offer specialized training in the field of transplant nephrology. This is a one year fellowship sanctioned by the AST Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Training Accreditation Program, LLC and is designed to provide a clinically rigorous and academically stimulating year dedicated to produce nephrologists competent in managing a highly complex transplant patient population and potentially direct a transplant program of their own. Interested applicants should visit the Cleveland Clinic nephrology fellowship website.
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center
The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center is a one-year intensive clinical program approved by the American Society of Transplantation. There is one position available each year, and this position is filled for 2017. Since this fellowship is not accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), it is only available to candidates who have completed two years of an ACGME-accredited (or equivalent) nephrology fellowship. Candidates completing this training are considered eligible for United Network for Organ Sharing-approved medical directorships for individual transplant programs. Take a Virtual Tour of Our Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Learning Spaces and Medical Center Campus Program Highlights The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship at Ohio State's Wexner Medical Center provides fellows with extensive inpatient and outpatient clinical experience, as well as longitudinal didactic teaching. The program prepares fellows to: Manage kidney and pancreas transplant recipients at all stages of their care Become competent in immunosuppressive regimens Diagnose and manage complex nephrology issues The Transplant Nephrology fellow is expected to perform at the level of a junior faculty member since he or she has completed the traditional nephrology fellowship and is board eligible. Therefore, fellows are allowed a significant amount of input in all decisions regarding immunosuppression as well as patient management. Our Comprehensive Transplant Center The Comprehensive Transplant Center at Ohio State's Wexner Medical Center is one of the largest organ transplant programs in the nation, performing approximately 200 kidney and 30 pancreas transplants annually. The four full-time transplant nephrologists participate in all aspects of patient management, working alongside the transplant surgeons. Post-transplant care is provided as a multidisciplinary, collaborative model both in inpatient and outpatient settings. The center also provides long-term care for the duration of the allograft function, regardless of longevity. Application Process If you are interested in applying for the Transplant Nephrology Fellowship at Ohio State, you will need to contact us with these documents: Letter of interest CV, including publications Three letters of recommendation United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) transcript Mail or email the above to: Uday Nori, MD Program Director Uday.Nori@osumc.edu The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center Division of Nephrology 395 W. 12th Ave., Ground floor Columbus, OH 43210
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
The Division of Nephrology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical (UHCMC), is currently seeking a qualified applicant for its American Society of Transplantation (AST)/American Society of Transplant Surgeons (ASTS) accredited transplant fellowship for the upcoming academic year. UHCMC provides an opportunity to pursue advanced training in clinical transplant nephrology and to undertake mentorship in research. Graduates may pursue a career in either academic medicine or private practice as a transplant physician and fulfill qualifications to be a transplant program medical director. Applicants must have completed at least two years of general nephrology fellowship training. The transplant fellowship involves one year of training that integrates the six core competencies (patient care, medical knowledge, practice based learning and improvement, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, and systems based learning). Each fellow will participate in clinical training, teaching and scholarly activities. Transplant fellowship training involves all aspects of pre-transplant care including list management, kidney donor evaluations and assessment and acceptance of deceased donor organs, as well as post-transplant care including performing biopsies and management of immunosuppression. Our fellows have firsthand experience in immunology through rotations in the HLA lab and transplant kidney biopsy assessments with pathology; they work closely with our surgical colleagues during multidisciplinary rounds. Our sites of practice include in-patient and continuity clinics at UHCMC. After one year of clinical training, our goal is for graduates to be capable and confidant in independently evaluating and managing patients with a wide variety of kidney transplant related issues.
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
The Division of Nephrology, Kidney C.A.R.E. Program at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center offers a one-year standard or two-year alternative pathway AST-accredited Transplant Nephrology Fellowship. The University of Cincinnati Transplant Program has been a national leader in organ transplantation for over 50 years with a very active kidney and kidney-pancreas transplant program. The Transplant Program is currently training two fellows and is staffed by 6 transplant Nephrologists, 6 Transplant Surgeons and a full complement of ancillary professionals including pharmacists, social workers and Transplant Immunology personnel. The one-year transplant fellowship will provide a broad-based experience in all aspects of kidney transplantation including inpatient (at least six months) and outpatient care of transplant patients, performance of renal allograft biopsies and mandatory training in pathology, immunology, tissue typing, and immunosuppressive protocols. The University of Cincinnati Transplant Program is a leader in clinical research protocols and the fellow will be expected to participate in ongoing clinical trials and develop a research project during the fellowship year. The two-year transplant fellowship contains the same components of the one-year fellowship, with additional research related to transplantation. Our overall goal is to mold the Transplant Fellow into an outstanding clinician with experience that extends all the way from a strong clinical base to state of the art research protocols, especially in the context of antibody mediated rejection and desensitization. Clinical Training and Education The Transplant Fellowship provides a broad-based experience in all aspects of kidney transplantation, including inpatient (at least six months) and outpatient care of transplant patients, performance of renal allograft biopsies and mandatory training in pathology, immunology, tissue typing, and immunosuppressive protocols. The Transplant Fellow plays an integral part in the care of kidney and kidney-pancreas transplant recipients. We have an integrated Transplant Nephrology and Transplant Surgery Program, with multidisciplinary patient rounds every day. The Transplant Fellow is an essential part of every aspect of decision making and, more importantly, the learning process. In addition to bedside teaching, the fellow will participate in a year-long transplant-specific core curriculum series and also attend journal clubs and grand rounds presentations. The fellow will also be expected to develop a research project and actively participate in ongoing clinical trials.
London Health Sciences Center University Hospital
The Transplant Fellowship at Western University is established to foster advanced training in the area of renal transplantation to physicians who have already completed their general nephrology fellowship training. Our transplant fellowship-training program is accredited by both, the American Society of Transplantation (July 2008) and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) as an Area of Focused Competence (AFC) (July 2019). The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship is of one-year duration. Interested and qualified individuals may seek additional training in Transplant Nephrology-related research beyond the one-year clinical fellowship. For more information please visit LHSC Multi Organ Transplant Program (https://www.lhsc.on.ca/multi-organ-transplant-program/multi-organ-transplant-program-0)
The Renal Transplant Fellowship Program at McMaster University is a multi-faceted program designed to achieve fellow competency based on achievement of milestones. Education is provided in a number of settings including didactic teaching and contextual learning through patient interaction. The didactic component is delivered via weekly protected academic half day sessions specifically designed for the renal transplant fellow (see attached outline). Contextual learning is achieved by attempting to integrate didactic sessions to rotations the fellow is taking. To further emphasize competency and milestone based learning, the fellow has an organized longitudinal clinic (pre and post-transplant) in order maximize patient interaction and “working in the field”. Additional learning is via organized meetings, rounds, didactic sessions specific to the rotation, case based learning, webinars, electives, journal clubs and patient centered learning.
University of Toronto
The Renal Transplant Fellowship Program at the University of Toronto offers broad and in-depth training in all aspects of transplant nephrology. As a high volume centre performing over 200 kidney transplants per year, the program offers fellows a wide variety of experience in all aspects of transplantation. Patients are admitted under the transplant nephrology service, which allows fellows to gain hands-on experience selecting and managing immunosuppression. By the end of their training, fellows will have had extensive experience managing living-donor transplant and deceased donor transplants from a wide range of donors, including expanded criteria, donation after cardiac death, and exceptional distribution donors. The Renal Transplant service also admits or consults on patients post-transplant who present with a wide variety of medical and surgical issues, further broadening the clinical experience. The Renal Transplant Program also participates in the national Kidney Paired Donation program. There is also exposure to pancreas transplantation in one of the largest pancreas transplant programs in North America. Fellows participate in pre-transplant recipient assessment, living-donor assessment and post-transplant clinics. The Renal Transplant Program follows approximately 2500 post-transplant patients, ranging from one week to more than forty years post-transplant. There is extensive exposure to the latest HLA Laboratory technology in evaluating immunologic risk pre- and post-transplant. In addition to clinical experience, the formal education program includes: weekly seminars covering key topics in renal transplantation; weekly Multi-Organ Transplant Program Rounds, featuring topics and research relevant to all organ groups; weekly renal transplant journal club; Multi-Organ Transplant Program Fellows' seminars; City-wide Nephrology Rounds; interactive seminars on ultrasound and renal biopsy performance; and biweekly renal biopsy rounds, which includes discussion of both native and renal transplant biopsies The Renal Transplant Fellowship is intended for physicians who have completed their training in Internal Medicine and Nephrology.
Oregon Health & Science University
Oregon Health & Science University was the first health facility in the Western United States to initiate a transplant program. Since the founding of the program in 1959 it has transplanted more than 5,000 organs, currently transplants over 150 organs each year, and has been training transplant medicine fellows for the past twenty-five years. The Transplant Medicine training program is accredited by the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Nephrology. Our program is designed to provide all-inclusive training in renal transplant medicine. Our faculty is strongly committed to the training process and fosters collegial relationships among the physicians, surgeons, pathologists, infectious disease specialists, and pharmacologists who specialize in transplantation. The medical transplant team at OHSU has primary responsibility for prescribing and adjusting immunosuppression, providing medical support for inpatients, and managing patients in the outpatient clinics. This primary and direct responsibility for patient care is a strong advantage of the OHSU training experience. Training is further enhanced by weekly transplant grand rounds, renal transplant biopsy conference, and a comprehensive didactic program that covers basic topics in transplantation. During this one-year fellowship, the fellow will spend a minimum of six months on the kidney/pancreas transplant inpatient service and twelve months in the kidney/pancreas transplant outpatient clinics. The fellow will also spend time in the Immunogenetics Laboratory learning basic principles of tissue typing and learning deceased donor management with the organ transplant recovery team. There will also be protected time to conduct a clinical research project in transplantation. At the completion of training, the fellow will meet all UNOS, AST, and ASN requirements to function as a UNOS designated transplant physician and medical director of a kidney/pancreas transplant program. OHSU is located in Portland, Oregon, one of the most livable cities in the United States. Portland is known for its beauty, bicycle-friendliness, comprehensive transit system, land use regulation, progressive societal and environmental thinking, and ready access to outdoor recreation activities on Oregon's mountains, rivers, and coastline.
Albert Einstein Medical Center
The transplant program at Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia has been in continuous existence since 1964. Hospital is situated in the city limits and serves predominantly inner-city population. Has robust referral pattern from the Tri-state region. Has on-site HLA laboratory and opportunities for clinical and basic research. Transplant nephrology fellowship was established in 2011. Program in accredited by the AST Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Training Accreditation Program, LLC. Hospital performs Kidney, Pancreas and Liver transplants. Transplant fellows will see transplant patients in the inpatient and outpatient settings. Will be responsible for kidney recipient evaluations, participation in listing meetings. In addition will be involved in living donor evaluation and will participate in living donor meetings.
Thomas Jefferson University
Jefferson has had an approved transplantation program for close to 50 years. The kidney transplant program has existed for 40 years. The fellowship in transplantation nephrology specifically started in 2008. 15 fellows have completed the program. Most of them have chosen to practice transplant nephrology and stayed back as faculty at Jefferson 2. Duration: The program is exactly 12 months in duration. 3. Prerequisite training selection criteria. All fellows must have completed ECFMG certified two-year fellowship in Nephrology and be board certified/eligible. 4. Objective: To learn in detail the care and management of recipients of kidney transplants, to learn the appropriate workup of a live donor kidney transplant patient, to participate and share in the management of not only kidney transplant recipients, but also recipients of pancreas transplants. Learn the process of combined transplant (evaluation and co-management with other solid-organ transplant members). To learn to care for comorbid conditions of transplant recipients. To learn the science of kidney transplant rejection- diagnose and treat kidney transplant rejection including kidney biopsy interpretation. In summary, the goal is to have the trainee competent in the evaluation, treatment and management of kidney transplant recipients and donors.
University of Pennsylvania
The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Program at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania is accredited by the American Society of Transplantation and is designed to provide nephrology trainees, who have satisfied their ACGME general nephrology clinical training obligations, the opportunity to acquire one year of further specialized training in kidney transplantation. We accept one fellow per year into our program. The University of Pennsylvania Health System Kidney/Pancreas Transplant Program is an integrated service of transplant surgery and transplant nephrology and includes surgeons, nephrologists, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, transplant coordinators and support staff. This experience fulfills the necessary requirements established by the United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) for individuals to stand as the approved transplant physician for any kidney transplant program. Transplant candidate evaluation is done by a multidisciplinary team which reports to the multidisciplinary Transplant Evaluation Committee. All fresh and early transplant patients are hospitalized in one nursing unit largely devoted to abdominal organ transplantation. All recipients are followed after transplantation, especially early after transplantation, in a clinic devoted to abdominal organ transplantation. Long-term transplant recipients are hospitalized in the medical unit with the Transplant Medicine Service being the consultant. The Kidney Transplant Fellowship year will comprise the following: Six-month Clinical Experience including: The management of at least 30 kidney transplant recipients continuously as the primary transplant caregiver in both the inpatient and outpatient settings. In the early postoperative period, trainees will be expected to co-manage transplant recipients with the transplant surgeons and to take the lead role in the management of issues related to anti-infective prophylaxis, fluid-electrolyte balance, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, anemia and dialysis. Fellows will participate in the decisions regarding selection and dosing of immunosuppressive therapy from the time of transplantation. Observation of three kidney transplants Observation of three procurements Training in the performance of renal transplant biopsies, including a) the indications for; b) the performance of and c) interpretation of, renal transplant biopsies. The trainee will be expected to perform a minimum
of 10 documented transplant biopsies during the training period Didactic pathological experience with the trainee reviewing renal transplant biopsies with an experienced renal transplant pathologist Twice-weekly pre-transplant recipient evaluations and reevaluations, with time spent with each attending transplant nephrologist Participation in the weekly Patient Selection Committee Meeting Donor evaluation and presentation at Donor Selection Committee The Fellow will be expected to review a topic each week with transplant nephrology team, 20 to 30 minutes, topics suggested below (alternatives would be to review a current journal article). Six-month Elective and Research Experience will include: At least one week on Transplant Infectious Diseases Service (fellow to arrange well in advance directly with Transplant ID attending) (required) Two weeks in the HLA laboratory, fellow to arrange well in advance with Dr. Kamoun (required) Rotation through pediatric program at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and HLA laboratory (optional) Experience on another organ transplant service at UPenn (liver, heart, lung) (optional) CKD clinics for non-kidney solid organ transplant recipients (optional) Trainees will be expected to participate in clinical or basic transplant research projects and present and/or publish the resultant data. Trainees may have the opportunity to extend their research experience for longer contingent upon alternative sources of funding being available. Conference Schedule: Weekly Renal Division conferences to include Journal Club, Grand Rounds, and Research conference Weekly Multidisciplinary Patient Selection Committee Meeting Weekly Transplant Surgery Conference Weekly Transplant Nephrology Conference.
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
The Starzl Transplantation Institute (STI) at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) offers a one-year Transplant Nephrology Fellowship, accredited by the American Society of Transplantation. This program fulfills the requirements of the United network of Organ Sharing for medical directors of a kidney transplant program. Our fellowship program offers an in depth experience at a high volume transplant center in a collegial environment that emphasizes quality in patient care, education, and research. Fellows will receive at least 6 months of clinical training in the inpatient and outpatient management of kidney, kidney/ pancreas, and kidney/ liver recipients, pre-transplant evaluation of recipient candidates and living donors, management of waitlisted pre-transplant patients, and the care of extra-renal (liver, lung, heart, multi-visceral) transplant patients with kidney disease. An additional 6 months will offer a choice of elective experiences in transplant pathology, tissue typing, transplant infectious diseases, extra-renal organ transplant, and the transplant intensive care unit. STI/UPMC is actively involved in cutting-edge basic, translational, and clinical research. Trainees are expected to participate in clinical and/ or basic science research under the supervision of our dynamic faculty mentors. The educational program includes structured didactics with a lecture series that covers important topics in transplantation, weekly Waitlist, Selection, Research, and Biopsy conferences, biweekly Morbidity and Mortality, Grand Rounds, and Journal Clubs, and didactic activities available through the Division of Nephrology and Department of Medicine.
Medical University of South Carolina
The MUSC Transplant Center is one of the top 20 busiest transplant centers in the country with nearly 300 renal transplants per year and a very active pancreas transplant program. Our center's outcomes are among the best in the nation. The section of transplant nephrology includes five full-time faculty members and two mid-level practitioners with robust support from transplant surgery, pharmacy, and infectious diseases. The MUSC Division of Nephrology offers one-to-two one-year renal transplant nephrology fellowship positions. Applicants must be in good standing or have completed a two-year ACGME-accredited nephrology fellowship. Our fellowship is designed to meet the United Network of Organ Sharing, American Society of Transplantation (AST), and the American Society of Nephrology criteria for certification as a transplant physician and to be eligible to qualify to be a transplant program medical director. Our goal is to produce both an excellent clinician and scientist who is well-qualified for a career in transplant nephrology. Our graduates have moved on to desirable positions, mostly in academic institutions.
University of Tennessee Memphis Transplant Institute
Methodist University Hospital Transplant Institute is a fast growing program in Memphis, TN, that has a unique structure where transplant nephrologist, transplant hepatologist as well as transplant surgeons work together collaboratively. Our training program offers a training experience certified by the ASN/AST credentialing program, which includes at least 8 month clinical experience in which the trainee will manage renal transplant recipients as the primary care giver in both an inpatient and outpatient setting as well as donor and recipient evaluations, kidney graft biopsy, and all prominent features of the clinical experience. Our transplant nephrology fellowship program also offers a rigorous educational requirement including, but not limited to, journal club to discuss landmark studies of the field of kidney transplantation as well as recently published papers and month biopsy rounds. In addition to the one – year only clinical track, there is also a unique opportunity to get formal scientific education in our two – years combined clinical /research track. This track allows the opportunity to obtain formal degree (Master of Epidemiology or Certificate in Clinical Investigation) as well as perform basic science or clinical science research projects. The program may contribute to reimburse the entire or partial portion of the tuition fee of the formal degree.
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
The transplant fellow plays an integral role in transplant management from pre-transplant evaluation, perioperative medicine and immunologic clearance, immunosuppression and daily management during the operative admission, post-operative maintenance management for the one year he/she is a fellow. The transplant fellow evaluates living donor and deceased donor recipients and provides recommendations regarding induction and maintenance immunosuppression. The transplant fellow is in charge of evaluating all immunosuppression levels of those patients in house and in his/her clinic and recommending changes as appropriate. The transplant fellow evaluates patients with renal allograft dysfunction both in the outpatient and inpatient setting and is responsible for setting up and performing allograft biopsies in a shared relationship with the renal fellow rotating on the transplant service. The transplant fellow is able to adequately manage antirejection therapies including those given both for cellular and humoral rejection. The transplant fellow is provided with the following education program: 1. Inpatient experience: the fellow spends 6 months on the inpatient transplant service with an average census of 20-30 patients. The fellow is primarily responsible for evaluating new deceased and living donor transplant recipients and following those patients peri-operatively in conjunction with the transplant surgical service. The transplant fellow performs transplant allograft biopsies on those patients with allograft dysfunction. The transplant fellow is also responsible for supervising the renal fellow and residents on the service in conjunction with the transplant attending. 2. Outpatient experience: the transplant fellow is responsible for evaluating transplant candidates, transplant candidate re-evaluations while active on the waiting list and living donor candidates through a weekly evaluation clinic. He/She is responsible for presenting those patients at the weekly multidisciplinary selection committee. The fellow also has 2 half day clinics per week in which they see transplant recipients in follow-up. The newly engrafted transplant recipient is seen in conjunction with transplant surgery for the first 6 weeks and then is followed soley by the fellow with transplant nephrology attending oversight. 3. Research: the fellow has 6 months while not on the transplant inpatient service dedicated to research and electives. The fellow is tasked with coming up with a clinical research project to be completed at the end of the 1 year fellowship and most commonly is a retrospective cohort study. The transplant fellow is also asked to write a transplant review or case report and submit to a transplant journal. 4. Electives: the fellow spends 2-4 weeks in the HLA laboratory devoted to tests related to transplantation including HLA typing, crossmatching and flow cytometry. The fellow spends 2 weeks in a renal pathology rotation working closely with the renal pathologist reviewing biopsies and receiving one-on-one didactic training. In addition to the above electives, the fellow is required to spend 2 weeks in the transplant infectious disease clinic with exposure to a wide variety of pathology including bacterial, viral and fungal infections. 5. Didactics: the fellow is required to attend our weekly Transplant Conference in which a variety of topics are discussed including surgical and medical management issues, review and discussion of transplant protocols, performance improvement initiatives, morbidity and mortality issues, and monthly pathology review of cases. The fellow is also provided the AST/ASN Transplant Core Curriculum and is asked to participate in the ASN Webinars and on-line Journal Club. The fellow is provided the Primer in Kidney Transplantation as well. 6. Other: in addition to the above, the transplant fellow is encouraged to attend lectures as part of the Transplant Administrator course, the Transplant Fellowship Symposium and the ATC Annual Meeting. The transplant fellow is an integral member of nephrology and works closely with the general nephrology fellows while on the transplant inpatient service. The transplant nephrology fellows has right of first refusal for all patients presenting for deceased or living donor transplant and follows those patients from time of initial pre-operative evaluation in house until the end of their first year of fellowship. Those patients then comprise the transplant fellow's outpatient clinic. In addition to his/her own clinic, the transplant fellow will see long-term follow-up patients in conjunction with each transplant nephrology attending. The transplant fellow and nephrology fellow alternative kidney allograft biopsies with both easily meeting the requiring number of biopsies for the program. The general nephrology fellows are assigned to work with a transplant attending in the clinical setting for 6 months independent of the transplant fellow's clinic. The transplant fellow is given the opportunity to attend all general nephrology didactic sessions weekly including: clinical journal club, renal physiology, renal grand rounds, renal pathology conferences. None of the transplant didactic sessions overlap with the general nephrology conferences.
The transplant nephrology fellow will spend a total of 6 months on the inpatient service and 6 months in the outpatient setting. The inpatient service is a combined medical-surgical team in which the transplant fellow provides are for new transplant recipients in addition to patients admitted for post-transplant complications. Outpatient months include living donor and recipient evaluations, with two months protected for research. During these research months, the fellow works on a project of their interest under the direction of either transplant nephrologists, surgeons, or the HLA lab personnel, Didactic sessions include a lecture series with transplant dedicated lectures 1-2 times a month, transplant journal club in conjunction with our transplant surgery team monthly, weekly review of pathology with transplant pathologists, nephrologists, and surgeons, weekly grand rounds, and a structured HLA course. The transplant nephrology fellow works alongside transplant nephrologists in managing immediate post-transplant kidney recipients, but principally in the care of long-term kidney and kidney pancreas transplant recipients. He or she is an integral part of developing comprehensive care protocols involving cardiovascular, mineral bone disease, and malignancy screening and treatment.
University of Texas - Southwestern
Fellows complete 6 months of inpatient training and 6 months of outpatient training. We follow the AST guidelines for transplant nephrology fellowship training. Weekly didactic lectures, monthly transplant grand rounds, real time review of biopsies, HLA and radiology rotations, and attendance at the AST fellows symposium and ATC.
University of Virginia
The University of Virginia, Division of Nephrology, offers 12 months of specialized training in Transplant Nephrology. The goal of the program is to provide standardized transplant training to individuals who wish to become leaders of the transplant community. An extended pathway of 18-24 months is available to interested eligible candidates wishing to enhance their clinical training with more indepth research activity. The Transplant Nephrology fellowship at the University of Virginia has been accredited by the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Nephrology since March 24, 2009. More than half of our program graduates pursue academic careers in kidney transplantation. We have a comprehensive, multi-organ transplant center averaging 270-350 organ transplants per year. In 2019, our transplant center performed over 190 kidney transplants. Trainees will gain expertise in the management of kidney and pancreas transplant recipients, as well as nephrology care for non-kidney solid organ transplant recipients. The fellowship curriculum provides in-depth education and experience in the management of immunosuppressive therapy, medical and surgical complications after transplantation, and long-term care of transplant recipients. Throughout the year, we hold a series of didactic sessions in donor and recipient evaluation, renal biopsy technique, renal pathology, surgical care, and non-kidney solid organ transplantation. In addition, we have a weekly Transplant Grand Rounds held in combination with transplant surgery and other solid organ transplants programs. Our center is active in pair-kidney-donation for incompatible living donor pairs and non-directed donors but we do offer desensitization prior to living donor kidney transplant for selected incompatible pairs. The HLA laboratory and tissue typing training is a strength of our program. Fellows devote 6 months of their time to inpatient clinical training and 6 months to outpatient training, research, and scholarly activities. The transplant nephrology faculty is composed of 5 clinicians, 1 clinical educator, and 2 clinical research faculty members. All transplant nephrology faculty members have specific clinical or educational niches and participate in a variety of clinical and basic science research activities. Transplant fellows are expected to develop small clinical projects during their training and work towards the identification of a niche.
Virginia Commonwealth University
The transplant fellowship offered by the Division of Nephrology is certified by the American Society of Transplantation (AST)/American Society of Transplant Surgeons (ASTS). Our transplant program, the largest in the region, performs over 250 kidney transplants every year. A wide variety of transplant related therapies including kidney exchange, desensitization, ABO incompatible transplants, and HIV and HCV positive kidney transplants are performed. The Virginia Commonwealth University Transplant Nephrology Fellowship Program provides an opportunity to pursue advanced training in clinical transplant nephrology and to undertake training in basic science research or clinical research. The program is designed for trainees who wish to receive outstanding educational training in order to pursue a career in either academic medicine or private practice. Your training fellowship involves one year of training that integrates the six core competencies (patient care, medical knowledge, practice based learning and improvement, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, and systems based learning). Each fellow will participate in clinical training, teaching and scholarly activities. The training experience includes involvement in all aspects of pre-transplant care including list management, kidney donor evaluations and assessment and acceptance of deceased donor organs, as well as post-transplant care including performing biopsies and management of immunosuppression. The fellows get hands-on training in immunology through rotations in the HLA lab and transplant kidney biopsy assessments with pathology. Dedicated teaching in transplant infectious disease is also provided. Under faculty mentorship, each fellow is expected to participate in at least one research project which will usually result in a presentation at a national or international conference. Our sites of practice include in-patient and continuity clinics at VCUHS. After one year of clinical training, our goal is for each fellow to have confidence in independently evaluating and managing patients with a wide variety of kidney transplant issues.
University of Washington Medical Center
The goal of our transplant nephrology program is to provide in-depth experience in transplant patient care, education and patient centered research. Inpatient and outpatient care includes post operative management of kidney and pancreas transplant recipients, consultation in liver, lung and heart transplant candidates and recipients and outpatient evaluation of post transplant recipients, living donors and recipient candidates. Lectures are provided by basic and clinical scientists and expert clinicians on immunology, pharmacology, obstetrics, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, metabolic bone disease and infectious disease topics along with sessions on post operative and maintenance transplant care.
Medical College of Wisconsin
The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship training involves exposure to kidney and pancreas transplantation in the outpatient and inpatient setting. The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship training will cover the management of kidney and pancreas transplant recipients, understanding and managing of immunosuppressive therapies, handling of medical and surgical complications early after transplantation as well as long-term care of kidney transplant recipients. The Transplant Nephrology Fellowship training program includes formal exposure and instruction in donor-recipient evaluation, renal transplant biopsy, nephropathology, non-renal solid organ transplantation, living and deceased kidney procurement, ABO incompatible kidney transplant, HLA laboratories as well as clinical and basic science research in kidney transplantation.
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
The Nephrology Division at the University of Wisconsin-Madison offers a one-year Transplant Nephrology Fellowship (two positions/year). This fellowship provides a broad experience in all aspects of kidney transplantation including six months of inpatient and five months of outpatient care of transplant patients, an HLA laboratory rotation, and kidney donor evaluation and follow-up. Our program performs about 500 kidney transplant biopsies annually and fellows have daily meetings with the transplant pathologist. In addition to bedside teaching, the transplant fellow(s) will participate in a year-long transplant core curriculum series, and attend journal clubs and grand rounds presentations. The transplant fellow(s) will actively participate in ongoing clinical trials and will be encouraged to develop their own research project(s). The University of Wisconsin consistently ranks among the top 10 most active transplant programs in the country. In 2020, UW Health performed 315 kidney transplants. With over 13,000 organs transplanted since 1966, solid organ transplantation plays an important role in academic and clinical activities of UW Health.